On this page we’ll be posting links to articles and information that will help our visitors gain a broader perspective of issues important to us. We will look across the wide spectrum of suicide research, adolescent brain development, and the diagnosis and treatment of depression, anxiety and other mental illnesses. For more links, please see our News Archive page.
Concussion Tied to Suicide Risk
People who have experienced either a concussion or a mild traumatic brain injury are twice as likely to commit suicide than others, a new review suggests.
The analysis also indicates that men and women who have had a concussion are also more likely to consider or attempt suicide.
The investigators stressed that the absolute risk of suicide for any one concussion patient remains very low.
Still, study lead author Dr. Michael Fralick said he was somewhat surprised that many of the 17 studies reviewed noted “that concussion was a clear risk factor for suicide, suicide attempt and suicidal thoughts.”
Two Georgia Siblings Create an App to Help Prevent Teen Suicide
What if, when you’re feeling vulnerable and alone and scared, you could push one button and the people who care about you most instantly came to help? That’s the idea behind notOK, an app developed by the Lucas siblings, Hannah, 16, and Charlie, 13, of Cumming, Georgia, that launched in January. The app sends a text message and current GPS location to up to five pre-selected contacts.
The idea for the app came to Hannah during a “really, really dark time” when she was dealing with severe depression and anxiety after being diagnosed with Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS), a chronic illness that causes frequent fainting. Mental health stats reinforce the need for help for teens: Depression rates in teens jumped by 63 percent from 2013 to 2016. More than 1.7 million youth with major depressive disorders received no treatment.
Mental health is a large concern across the country, and a recent study shows just how dire the situation is with college students
According to new research published in the Depression and Anxiety journal, more than 20 percent of college students experienced stressful events in the past year that were associated with mental health problems, including harming themselves and suicidal thoughts or attempts.
Study leaders analyzed data from a 2015 college health assessment survey that included more than 67,000 students.
Every 30 seconds, someone in the world commits suicide. Blue lights at railway stations can help tackle this.
Three thousand people commit suicide every day – 60% more than 50 years ago, according to the WorldHealth Organization. Yasuyuki Sawada, Chief Economist of the Asian Development Bank, discusses the use of blue lights on platforms and crossings to reduce suicides.
An assessment of this approach in Japan found that it led to a 84% reduction in suicide at railway stations. Blue lights are also cheap to and easy to install. This evidence resulted in the adoption of blue lights for suicide prevention by railway companies in Europe.
Dellie Champagne: To address youth suicide, support mobile crisis services
In the recent Finding Hope series, the Monitor highlighted youth suicide as a surging crisis in New Hampshire. New Hampshire’s youth suicide rates are 50 percent higher than the national average, and they’re spiking. To the mother of a son with a serious and persistent mental illness, this is devastating. I applaud the Monitor for highlighting what is an avoidable situation in New Hampshire.
Suicide prevention must be addressed, and our lawmakers have a duty to ensure youth have access to critical care in New Hampshire. Together we are obligated to invest in our children and youth. We can all make a difference by coordinating care and increasing supports, building on the strengths of children and their families.
This Life with Gracie: Another suicide, another parent’s drive to prevent more
Things were starting to look up. Ivey Mustaki seemed more like herself. Happy. Hopeful again.
Her mom, Lauralyn Mustaki, could hear the cheer in her voice as they talked on the phone, making plans for the weekend. It was the same way the next day when Ivey talked with her grandmother from the kitchen and the two of them agreed on poached eggs for breakfast.
Ivey seemed to be in a good place. Then just moments later, her grandmother heard a noise in the bathroom. She found Ivey inside with a gunshot wound to the head.
How to Talk to a Suicide Loss Survivor: What to Say, What to Avoid
Commonly referred to as Survivor Day, International Survivors of Suicide Loss Day is devoted to remembering loved ones and offering comfort for suicide loss survivors. On this day, large and small events are held in communities all around the world, and there may be programs happening in your area.
Suicide is a hard topic to talk about, especially when it involves someone you know. It can be difficult to understand how to address a suicide in a compassionate manner, and you might refrain from talking to a suicide loss survivor out of fear that you will say something hurtful unintentionally. However, even if you aren’t a close friend of the person who’s grieving, it’s better to show you care than to avoid them entirely. To someone who recently lost a loved one, your support, even if it’s nonverbal, can make a difference.
Japan’s youth suicide rate highest in 30 years
Bullying, family issues, stress main factorsMore Japanese children and teenagers killed themselves between 2016 and 2017 than in any year since 1986, according to a new government report.
The latest survey shows 250 elementary and high school age children took their own lives in that year for a variety of reasons including bullying, family issues and stress, the country’s Ministry of Education said Monday, according to local media.
“The long break from school enables you to stay at home, so it’s heaven for those who are bullied,” Nanae Munemasa, then 17, told CNN in 2015. “When summer ends, you have to go back. And once you start worrying about getting bullied, committing suicide might be possible.”
Suicide jokes’ normalization not harmful, brings important issues to light
There is a pretty good chance that you or one of your friends has said something along the lines of “just kill me” this week. Dark humor, particularly in the form of suicide jokes, has been rapidly gaining popularity among this generation’s youth and on social media since around 2011. Understandably, concerns have arisen about the effects of such a morbid collective mindset. People may worry that suicide jokes cause or romanticize suicide, but this is hardly ever the case.
Humor as a coping mechanism is not a new phenomenon. In late 1840s Germany, the term “gallows humor” was coined in reference to cynical humor arising from stressful or traumatic situations. Gallows humor is even commonplace in certain professional settings. Hospital workers and ER personnel frequently crack jokes that may seem insensitive to an outsider in order to cope with emotionally painful operations and patient deaths.
Journalists who have to report on disaster events and appalling crimes also employ gallows humor to stay sane. As for teens and young adults on the internet — well, with the circus that is the current American political landscape and the bleak nature of breaking news, it really isn’t surprising that gallows humor has become a social norm.
Suicide jokes’ normalization trivializes mental health issues, negatively impacts youth
We’ve all been there. The stress builds up, you’re under pressure, and you feel like a little humor might lighten your mood — so you make a joke. Maybe you ask if you can drink from your roommate’s container of bleach. Maybe, when you get a notification that your essay has been graded on Canvas, you tell your friend, “If I don’t get an A on this, I’m going to throw myself off a cliff.”
Our generation is defined by its morbid sense of humor. Open up Twitter, and you’re likely to see a slew of jokes suggesting that students escape the horrors of college and academic stress by walking into traffic or jumping off a bridge. Go on Facebook, and it’s all too easy to find any of a hundred different pages revolving around gallows humor. Venture onto Tumblr, and it should take only a few scrolls before you’re inundated with the bleakest of wisecracks about any number of challenges our generation faces, ranging from the wage gap to the #MeToo movement.
Guns End More Lives by Suicide Than Murder
Shootings make the headlines, yet the American public doesn’t know that guns take more lives by suicide than by homicide, a new study reveals.
In the United States, suicide is twice as common as murder, and suicide by firearm is more common than homicide by firearm, the researchers reported.
However, the new “research indicates that in the scope of violent death, the majority of U.S. adults don’t know how people are dying,” said study author Erin Morgan. She’s a doctoral student with the University of Washington School of Public Health’s department of epidemiology, in Seattle.
More Americans kill themselves with guns than kill others, Morgan said. This fact should give people who have guns second thoughts about how guns are stored and if they should keep firearms at all, she added.
Bradley Hospital doctors addressing teenage suicide in new study
A new report from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) revealed that suicide is the second leading cause of death in people ages 10-34. This statistic has doctors at Bradley Hospital in East Providence acting quickly to address the issue through a research study being conducted by the hospital’s PediMIND Program.
The study aims to better understand why some children engage in self-harm and whether there’s a link to suicide.
Mental health diagnoses rising among U.S. college students
A range of common mental health conditions are being diagnosed more often in U.S. university students, according to a study that also finds students are more willing to seek help than in the past.
Based on surveys of more than 450,000 college students at 452 institutions, researchers found that from 2009 to 2015, the proportion who report having a diagnosis or being treated has gone up for anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, insomnia, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and panic attacks.
Anxiety and depression continue to be the most common self-reported conditions. Diagnosis or treatment of anxiety increased from about 9 percent of survey participants in 2009 to 15 percent in 2015, and depression diagnosis or treatment rose from 9 percent to 12 percent.
Generation Z reported the most mental health problems, and gun violence is the biggest stressor
Many members of Generation Z–young people between 15 and 21–have taken more active roles in political activism this year, and a new survey indicates that the state of the nation is to blame for this generation’s stress levels.
As gun violence, sexual assault claims and immigration dominate the 2018 news cycle, the American Psychological Association’s annual Stress in America survey says that such issues are the main cause of stress among young adults.
The survey, released Tuesday, was conducted among 3,459 people 18 and older, and it included interviews with 300 teenagers ages 15 to 17. It measures attitudes and perception of stress to identify the leading sources of stress among the general public.
Film offers remarkably candid look at Palo Alto teen suicides
One of Palo Alto’s darkest chapters is explored on the big screen in a remarkably personal documentary on suicides among students at the highly rated public schools in one of Silicon Valley’s toniest enclaves.
“The Edge of Success” features interviews with former students and teachers, parents and school officials reflecting on two tragic suicide clusters from 2009 to 2015 that claimed nine students’ lives. It premiered last week at the DTLA Film Festival in Los Angeles and is being shown at the Portland Film Festival this week.
Study Plumbs Sources of Students’ Pain
New study explores the causes of mental health problems in college students, finding that many are not taking advantage of campus services.
Many research studies have been devoted to college students’ mental health and a lack of campus resources to help them. Now researchers, curious about what contributed to these issues, have decided to analyze numerous studies. They found that common contributing factors to students’ mental-health challenges were race, violence and sexual assault.
Professors at North Carolina State University and Pennsylvania State University studied 165 academic and news articles from 2010 to 2015 – including some from Inside Higher Ed – on college mental health. The authors of the study, which was published recently in the journal JMIR Mental Health, mined these pieces, identified certain terms and themes, then grouped them together into six general categories: age-related factors in mental health, race, crime, services that institutions offer, the “aftermath” of negative experiences in mental health, and violence and sexual assault.
How One Colorado Town Is Tackling Suicide Prevention — Starting With The Kids
At the confluence of the Gunnison and Colorado rivers, the town of Grand Junction, Colo., sits in a bowl of a valley ringed by tall mountains, desert mesas and red rock cliffs. For local residents like Victoria Mendoza, sometimes the setting makes her and others feel isolated.
“I know we can’t really fix this because it’s nature,” says Mendoza. “I feel like people in our valley feel like there’s only life inside of Grand Junction.”
Mendoza, 17, has battled with depression. It runs in her family. The first funeral she ever went to as a little girl was for an uncle who died by suicide. Things got even worse during the 2016-2017 school year. There were seven teen suicides, including a student Mendoza knew from being in band together. At another high school, a student killed himself in the parking lot in front of a crowd.
“It felt like there was this cloud around our whole valley,” Mendoza says. “It got to a point where we were just waiting for the next one.”
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has published a “technical package” of suicide-prevention strategies that can be used at the state and community levels as well as by psychiatrists and mental health professionals.
The 67-page document, titled “Preventing Suicide: A Technical Package of Policies, Programs and Practices,” describes a select group of strategies based on the best available evidence. These strategies are described in seven chapters that cover the topics of strengthening economic supports, strengthening access and delivery of suicide prevention care, creating protective environments, promoting connectedness, teaching coping and problem-solving skills, identifying and supporting people at risk, and lessening harms and preventing future risk.
“States and communities already engaged in suicide prevention can use this technical package to assess their activities and see if there are areas in which to expand their efforts,” said Deb Stone, Sc.D., M.S.W., M.P.H., in comments to Psychiatric News. She is a behavioral scientist in the Division of Violence Prevention at the CDC’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. “For states and communities who have not begun work in the area of suicide prevention, this technical package can help guide decision making and prevention planning.”
Study: 1 in 5 College Students has Considered Suicide
College is a busy time for many young adults and it can also be a very stressful time.
A recent survey shows that as many as one in every five college students has considered suicide.
Scott Bea, PsyD, of Cleveland Clinic did not take part in the study, but said young adulthood is often a perfect storm for stressors to get the best of us, but too often, we don’t talk about it.
“We do know that that developmental stage of college-age kids – late adolescence, early adulthood–is a really challenging time where people are struggling with their identity, with becoming independent, with managing–maybe for the first time-problems with their moods, anxiety, and suicide can have a place in their thoughts at times and unless we’re actively asking about it, we’re not going to know about it,” he said.
Dr. Bea said during young adulthood, our brains are still developing and we aren’t always equipped with the ability to handle stressors effectively when they begin to pile up.
Lethality of first suicide attempt in youth higher than previously thought
An analysis of data from a study published in 2016 demonstrated that 71.4% of completed youth suicides occurred at the index attempt. Findings were published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.
In addition, firearms were implicated in 85% of lethal first suicide attempts among youth, according to the results.
“To date, most studies examining suicide risk after suicide attempt have relied on convenience samples limited to a particular attempt method, a specific treatment setting, or a specific type of care received after an attempt,” Alastair J.S. McKean, MD, from Mayo Clinic, and colleagues wrote. “As a result, these approaches have systematically overlooked those dying at the index attempt.”
Lady Gaga Pens Powerful Op-Ed on Suicide and Mental Health Awareness
“We can no longer afford to be silenced by stigma.”
In honor of Mental Illness Awareness Week, Lady Gaga is doing her part to eradicate the stigma surrounding mental health issues and suicide. The A Star Is Born actress, along with World Health Organization’s director-general Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, have penned a powerful new op-ed for The Guardian—and what they have to say is truly important.
“By the time you finish reading this, at least six people will have killed themselves around the world,” the duo begin the powerful letter aptly titled “800,00 people kill themselves every year. What can we do?”
Massive survey finds 1 in 3 college freshmen struggle with mental health—here are 4 things you can do
Mental health is a major concern on college campuses around the world. According to new research published by the American Psychological Association, over one-third of first-year college students are impacted.
Researchers from the World Health Organization, led by Columbia University Psychology Professor Randy P. Auerbach, surveyed nearly 14,000 first-year college students from eight countries (Australia, Belgium, Germany, Mexico, Northern Ireland, South Africa, Spain and the U.S.) and found that 35 percent struggled with a mental illness. Auerbach says this finding “represents a key global mental health issue.”
Nonprofit says someone commits suicide every 4.5 days in our area; they’re working to change that
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for people younger than 34. Prior to 2013, the death rate among people ages 10-19 declined, but rose by 12% from 2013 to 2016. An increase in the number of suicides was a contributing factor.
NewsChannel 6’s Ashley Osborne talked to one of the leaders of the local organization, Natalie’s Light. Their members are fighting hard to reverse suicide trends.
Natalie’s Light was started after an Augusta Prep senior, Natalie Wood, took her own life in 2015. Hundreds showed up to her candle light vigil and that is when her mom, Dr. Leslie Lesoon realized how many people her daughter had touched. Dr. Lesoon gathered friends like Dr. Laura Hughes and created the non-profit, Natalie’s Light, to continue impacting young lives. “In our area, someone dies of suicide every four and a half days,” says Dr. Laura Hughes.
AFSP Has Over 40 Videos to Answer Your Questions about Suicide
The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention has a series of short videos –over 40 of them!–on the topic of Learning More About Suicide. Covering topics like Opiods and Suicide, Social Media and Suicide, How Parents Can Talk to Kids about Suicide, Suicide Contagion and many more.
Suicide rates are rising across the US and the numbers are not subtle
Suicide is contagious; in fact a recent British study revealed that experiencing the suicide of a close friend or family member increases your risk of attempting suicide yourself. Of course such a painful event can also make you more sensitive to another’s suffering and put you more in a position to help prevent a suicide.
I vividly recall many years ago when one of my closest friends, a fellow physician, came to see me for lunch and when he said goodbye I had the uncomfortable feeling that he was saying goodbye for good. I talked myself out of the feeling and two weeks later he drove his car into a wall at high speed, devastating his family and friends. Ever since I have been more on the lookout for the signs of desperation and a suicidal plan in others. The next time someone tried to say goodbye to me for good I called 911 just in time.
TO OUR READERS: In December 2017 we published a link to a New York Times op-ed piece that was critical of the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention’s position on the role of guns in suicide (see below). In the interests of fairness we feel it is important to offer the AFSP’s own words on Firearms and Suicide Prevention.
As we begin 2018, the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention embarks on the next phase of Project 2025, the first, large-scale initiative focused on reducing the suicide rate in the U.S. Suicide is a major public health issue with a 25 percent increase over the past two decades; suicide remains the 10th leading cause of death with the rate continuing to increase. As the nation’s largest suicide prevention organization, AFSP has set an imperative to use new evidence-based approaches to save as many lives as possible through Project 2025.
Project 2025 identifies a set of critical areas, based on in-depth analysis, where the most lives can be saved in the shortest amount of time. In the critical area of suicide by firearm, we learned that educating firearms owners about suicide prevention has the potential to save more than 9,000 lives by 2025 if implemented nationwide.
We know the facts well:
•Half of all suicides in the U.S. are by firearm
•Suicide risk increases when lethal means are readily accessible
•Research shows that having a firearm in the home increases the risk of suicide
To date, efforts to reduce suicide by gun have largely failed – with 23,000 lives lost each year – we must try a new approach. There is promising evidence that providing suicide prevention training for those who influence a specific community can reduce the suicide risk for that community. Research also tells us that by educating the firearms-owning community about suicide risk, safe storage and removing access to lethal means, including firearms, when someone is at risk, we can reduce suicide. In fact, this approach is called for in our country’s 2012 National Strategy for Suicide Prevention.
This is why AFSP made a strategic decision to work with the firearms-owning community on suicide prevention education. By working with the National Shooting Sports Foundation, we are systematically disseminating suicide prevention education to thousands of gun retail stores, shooting ranges and gun owners nationwide. This education focuses on risk factors and warning signs, and actions that must be taken: temporary removal of firearms from the home during periods of risk, safe storage (locked and unloaded) at all times; and denying sale when appropriate.
Importantly, AFSP receives no funding from NSSF, firearms manufacturers or gun lobbying organizations, nor is AFSP providing funds to NSSF or similar groups. As an organization that welcomes all people with diverse views, we do not currently engage in any political action related to gun policy.
We are taking an unprecedented, large-scale step to reduce suicide by firearm and save as many lives as possible. In 2018, we look forward to working with additional partners to help extend the reach of this critical Project 2025 area.
The original post from December, 2017:
The Gun Lobby Is Hindering Suicide Prevention
In August 2006, my father fatally shot himself with a gun he pilfered from a friend’s bedroom. I wanted to do something positive in my mourning, so I went on a suicide-prevention walk organized by a nonprofit organization called the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention in Santa Monica, Calif.
After conversations with the A.F.S.P. staff area director in Los Angeles about my passion for suicide prevention and gun control — issues she told me she cared about, too — I joined the group’s Greater Los Angeles Chapter board, which required me to donate or raise $1,000 a year. I also helped organize an “Out of the Darkness” walk in Pasadena, Calif.; the organization raises more than $22 million a year at such walks around the country.
Deaths From Suicide: A Look at 18 States
A Special Report with Data from the National Violent Death Reporting System, 2013-2014
Established in 1993, the Safe States Alliance is a national non-profit organization and professional association whose mission is to strengthen the practice of injury and violence prevention. Safe States is the only national non-profit or-ganization and professional association that represents the diverse and ever-expanding group of professionals who comprise the field of injury and violence prevention.
Safe States • www.safestates.org • February 2017
The Boston Globe’s Spotlight Team – whose investigative work was the subject of the acclaimed 2015 film Spotlight – has produced a report on the current state of mental health care in Massachusetts, The Desperate and the Dead: Families in Fear. Closing psychiatric hospitals seemed humane, but the state failed to build a system to replace them, June 23, 2016.
Children’s Hospitals Admissions for Suicidal Thoughts or Actions Double During Past Decade – Report from the Pediatric Academic Societies.
Suicide Rates After Discharge From Psychiatric Facilities
IMPORTANCE: High rates of suicide after psychiatric hospitalization are reported in many studies, yet the magnitude of the increases and the factors underlying them remain unclear.
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the rates of suicide after discharge from psychiatric facilities and examine what moderates those rates.
JAMA Psychiatry, June 01, 2017
The World Health Organization and the International Association for Suicide Prevention have released an updated version of their guide for media professionals, Preventing Suicide. It’s a 21 page resource for responsible reporting about suicide and includes a section on the scientific evidence of the impact media has on suicidal behavior.
Highly recommended reading for anyone who cares about this issue. If you come across insensitive or inappropriate reporting on suicide, consider sending this guide to the editors and reporters.
“13 Reasons Why” – Waiting for the Light,
Cursing the Bread
The Netflix adaptation of the young adult novel 13 Reasons Why has stirred up debate about how this topic is covered across media – especially in popular fiction.
Here on the Tommy Fuss News page we’ve covered this topic several times:
City teen’s suicide prevention video goes viral – 13 Reasons Why Not
– The Journal Gazette, June 3, 2017
Is Suicide Contagion Real?
– Psych Central, May 19, 2017
How To React When Your Friend Is Talking About Suicide
– Refinery29, May 5, 2017
Educators and school psychologists raise alarms about 13 Reasons Why
– The Washington Post, May 2, 2017
Netflix’s 13 Reasons Why and the trouble with dramatising suicide
– The Guardian, April 26, 2017
How 13 Reasons Why gets suicide wrong: Voices
– USA Today, April 18, 2017
To these we’d like to add this publication from the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention: Tips for Parents to talk with their Children about 13 Reasons Why and Suicide.
Critics have pointed out that the framing device – the central character Hannah sends 13 cassette tapes to friends and others detailing how they contributed to her decision to end her life – is not the typical course of the mental illness and stressors that result in suicide.
[May I be forgiven for suggesting that a contemporary teenager using a cassette tape recorder instead of a smartphone to make and distribute their post-suicide diatribes seems a wild anachronism. Akin to having Hannah send the info via telegram. The teens I know today would be hard pressed to identify a cassette tape much less use one.]
13 Reasons Why has been accused of romanticizing suicide, a claim that also could be made against the most famous teen suicides in all of literature: 15 year old Romeo Montague and 13 year old Juliet Capulet.
The arch of the 13 Reasons Why story also defines suicide as a means of revenge against those who Hannah felt betrayed and ostracized her. This, researchers and professionals tell us, is almost never the case in real life. Depression and anxiety are mental illnesses that, left untreated (or improperly treated), can result in suicide.
It is not the actions of others that is the primary cause of suicidal ideation. It is a self-generated condition. Externally many suicides can appear successful in all the ways we measure success.
Whenever Richard Cory went down town,
We people on the pavement looked at him:
He was a gentleman from sole to crown,
Clean favored, and imperially slim.
And he was always quietly arrayed,
And he was always human when he talked;
But still he fluttered pulses when he said,
‘Good-morning,’ and he glittered when he walked.
And he was rich – yes, richer than a king –
And admirably schooled in every grace:
In fine, we thought that he was everything
To make us wish that we were in his place.
So on we worked, and waited for the light,
And went without the meat, and cursed the bread;
And Richard Cory, one calm summer night,
Went home and put a bullet through his head.
– Edwin Arlington Robinson